Spanish Gramar Vocabulary

These are some of the resources that will be very useful during your learning of the Spanish language.


On the basis of morphemes, words can be classified as follows:

  • primitive: No morpheme: pan, coche, leche, mar.
  • prefixed:Include a prefix (start of the word): -in,-a,-re,-des

Enterrar: desenterrar: verb
Juicio: prejuicio: noun
Moral: amoral: adjective
In-finito, a-moral, re-hacer, des-hacer

In spanish there are many Latin and Greek prefixes:
a: means privation: afónico.
agro: means countryside: agricultura.
andro: means man: andrógeno.
peri: means outskirts: periferia.
geo: means land: geología.
teo: means God: teología
logo: means word: logopeda

Derivatives: words that want a sufix (end of the word)
mes-illa, panad-ero, bell-eza

words composed by more than one word: aguanieves, chupatintas

parasynthetic: formed by composition or derivation: quince-añ-ero

It consists in extending the word through two procedures: composition and derivation

Sacacorchos: it is an instrument for taking out corks.
Verdulero: persoa who sells vegetables.


Different procedures are involved in it:

Through a pronominal sintagm: Letra de cambio, conejillo de Indias, silla de ruedas casa de huéspedes, olla a presión.
Formed by a noun or adjective: guardia civil, tinta china, pez espada, guerra civil, pájaro carpintero, sauce llorón.
Combined by an hyphen: coche-cama, catalana-francés, químico-físico.
Formed by two nouns: bocamanga, casatienda, hierbabuena, aguardiente, latinoamericano, pelirrojo.
Formed by a verb and a noun: cascanueces, pasatiempo, malvivir, limpiabotas, abrelatas.

Many different procedures for forming word do exist, as follows:

adv+adj or noun: maleducado.
verb+adv: maleducar, maldecir, malmeter.
abbreviation: d por don, s. por san, dr por doctor, zoo por zoológico, cine por cinematográfico, profe por profesor, bus por autobús.


Combination of two elements. Some of the procedures are:

  • Learned prefixes: biografía, televisión, videojuego, telefónica, fotográfico.
  • suffix: adding a morpheme to a lexeme: crear--creación, creador; labrar--labrador, labriego, labranza; humano-- humanidad, humanismo, humanista. it is important to remind that there is also the formation of adverbs ending in -mente: agradable: agradablemente, amable: amablemente, correcto: correctamente.
  • Within the group of suffix names and adjectives are formed by connotations: the apreciatives ones, in order to express feelings: traditionally, they are called diminutives (-illo/illa, -ito/ita, -llín: pequeñillo, boquita, mesita, perrito, botellín.)or augmentatives (-azo/aza,-ón/-ona: casaza, perrazo, comilona, tazón.). Some augmentatives have a semantic importance like: feote, feúcho, muchachota, mujerzuela.
  • he suffix -ble is formed by starting with beber: bebible, comer: comestible
  • interfixed: elements that do not have a gramatical or a significative function. they are in the middle of the word: librito, perrito, carnicero, saltarín.

Composition or creation of a word: it contains suffixes and prefixes: antibacteriano, regordete, precocinado.

It is the convertion of a sound into a word: kikiriki: canto del gallo, tictac: sonido del reloj....