Spanish Learning Resources

Spanish Learning Resource

5. Spanish grammar: The verbs ser (To be), Estar (To be) & Haber (To Have).

THE VERBS:

SER (TO BE), ESTAR (TO BE) & HABER (TO HAVE)
The verbs ser, estar and haber are irregular and used very frequently in Spanish.


PRESENT SER:
Yo soy
Tú eres
Él/ella/usted es
Nosotros/-as somos
Vosotros/-as sois
Ellos/-as son


USES OF THE VERB SER:

1. Identifying a person:

4. Spanish Grammar: Spanish vocabulary

GROUPS OF WORDS:

On the basis of morphemes, words can be classified as follows:

  • primitive: no morpheme: pan, coche, leche, mar
  • prefixed: include a prefix (start of the word): -in,-a,-re,-des

Enterrar: desenterrar: verb
Juicio: prejuicio: noun
Moral: amoral: adjective
In-finito, a-moral, re-hacer, des-hacer

3. Spanish Grammar: Articles

THE ARTICLE

The article defines a noun, that coincides with it in genre and number. Spanish, even if the neutral does not exist, has brought (from the Latin) the neutral form "LO" in the article. it is used to use as a noun the adjectives.

2. Spanish Grammar: Adjective

THE ADJECTIVE: GENRE AND NUMBER

Remember that the adjective accompanies a noun and coincides in gender and number with it whether placed before or after it. Besides the morphemes of gender and number, the adjective has morphemes of degree: comparative and superlative. The adjective can have its complete form (ex: hombre bueno) and its short form (ex: buen hombre) and functions as a modifier of the noun.

1. Spanish Grammar: Adverbs

THE ADVERBS:
The adverbs of time, place, manner and quantity answer the following questions: when, where, how and how much? They don’t have a fixed position in the phrase and they function as circumstantial complements. In Spanish, there are adverbial locutions that function in the same way as an adverb, and we’ll see how an adjective can function as an adverb.
The adverbs are invariable words and have their proper meaning.

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